Now accepting Telehealth appointments. Schedule a virtual visit.

The Role of Your Thyroid Gland in Your Hormone Health

The Role of Your Thyroid Gland in Your Hormone Health

Many parts of your body are used to help maintain necessary function, but few are more important than the endocrine system to regulate how your body works. This network of glands and organs secretes different types of hormones throughout your body. These signals control many bodily functions, like mood, growth, sexual development, metabolism, and sleep. One gland that plays an important role in your endocrine system is your thyroid gland, located beneath your larynx with two lobes on opposite sides of your windpipe. Let’s look at what your thyroid gland does, how it affects your health, and what conditions you can get if something goes wrong with it.

Residents of the Lake Oswego, Oregon area looking to manage conditions caused by thyroid gland disorders can find help with the team of doctors and experienced medical staff at Lake Grove ENT. Our physician-owned practice offers many options to manage thyroid disorders and many other ear nose and throat conditions.

What does your thyroid gland do?

The glands in your body get their instruction on what functions to perform from the pituitary gland, which is also known as the master gland. It receives instruction from the brain to organize the rest of the system, and it tells the thyroid gland to perform the task of secreting the following hormones:

Calcitonin

This hormone controls the calcium and potassium levels in your body, by reigning in the function of osteoclasts, the cells that break down bone and put calcium in your bloodstream. Too much calcium in your blood can weaken your bones leading to a condition known as hypercalcemia.

Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) 

This hormone travels to your liver, kidneys, and other organs. Both the T3 and T4 variations of this hormone are responsible for maintaining muscle control, brain function and development, heart and digestive function, bone health, and metabolic rate.

The T3 and T4 hormones use iodine for production, and we normally need about 150 mcg (millionths of a gram) daily to make that happen. This mineral can be found in seafood, but iodized salt is one of the best ways to get a sufficient amount daily.

How does it affect your health?

The hormones secreted by your thyroid control many basic things, like your body’s metabolic energy levels, skin growth, hair growth, nail growth, internal temperature, and heartbeat. In children, the thyroid is vital in brain development and how the body metabolizes food. When working properly, your body uses the energy generated by your metabolic process to maintain proper function just about everywhere. When your thyroid isn’t working properly, it can lead to many complications that can affect your whole body.

What conditions affect it?

Thyroid disorders can happen as a result of an overabundance (hyperthyroidism) or lack of (hypothyroidism) the proper amount of hormones, leading to complications like:

Hyperthyroidism can also be caused by Graves’ disease, which can cause a goiter, or nodules that are overactive in the thyroid. There are a variety of treatment options available for people dealing with thyroid problems, including hormone replacement therapy, antithyroid drugs, and beta blockers.

A properly working thyroid gland is important for your overall health, but if you find yourself dealing with complications from thyroid disorders, help is available. Contact the medical team at Lake Grove ENT to help manage problems with your thyroid or other ear, nose, and throat conditions.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Reduce the Signs of Aging with Ultherapy

There are many ways people try to turn back the hand of time when it comes to aging skin, ranging from creams to surgery. Ultherapy offers noninvasive results with ultrasound to reduce aging in your skin.

What to Expect at Your Allergy Testing Appointment

The familiar sneezing, sniffling, and other issues associated with allergies happen to people for a variety of reasons. If you’re about to get tested to see which allergy you’re dealing with, read on to find out what to expect.

What’s Causing Your Recurring Ear Infections?

Your ears are critical to how you hear the world around you and maintain your balance. Ear infections can create problems with both, and chronic issues with infections can make your life even more difficult.

5 Benefits of Balloon Sinuplasty

Sinusitis is a common condition that millions of people deal with, which can make you feel miserable especially if it becomes chronic. Balloon sinuplasty is a method of treatment that can unblock sinuses and give you relief.

The Dangers of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder affecting millions of Americans and their ability to get proper rest at night. But how dangerous is it and what should you do if you have it? Read on to find out more.

Telltale Signs of Sinusitis in Kids

Sinusitis is a nasal infection that can affect anyone, but there are differences in how this illness affects children and adults. Read on to find out more about the specific signs of this condition in kids.